Nanotechnology in the European Construction Industry - State of the art 2009

Publication Date : 2009
1,143 Visited Entry Date : 2013/04/13


Document type Report
Subject Environmental Safety ; Human Health ; Exposure Assessment
Within the European Social Dialogue, FIEC (European Construction Industry Federation) and the EFBWW (European Federation of Building and Wood Workers) have taken the initiative to commission IVAM UvA BV to investigate the current awareness amongst stakeholders and to make an overview of actual nano‐products at the European construction market. The report “Nanotechnology in the European Construction Industry, state‐of‐the‐art 2009, Executive Summary” summarizes the findings of this study that are described in detail in the main report below.
This report deals with the application of nanotechnological innovations in the construction industry. It describes the workings and potentials of nano‐materials, its current state of development in construction engineering and, on the flip side, its possible hazards for environmental and human health.
This report attempts to provide some more insight into the nano‐products used in construction today and their characteristics as to facilitate a better‐informed risk assessment.
1. Introduction
1.1 Two Definitions     

2. Nanotechnology in the Construction Sector
2.1 A Roadmap for Nanotechnology in the Construction Sector     
2.1.1 Price competition          
2.1.2 Technical performance          
2.1.3 Awareness within the sector          
2.1.4 Advantage of nanotechnology for the sector          
2.1.5 Communicating nano along the user chain          
2.1.6 Nano sells          
2.2 Activities to secure occupational safety     

3. Nano‐products at the Construction Site
3.1 Introduction      
3.2 Cement, concret and wet mortar     
3.2.1 Silica Fume           
3.2.2 Ceramic Hematit           
3.2.3 Titanium Dioxide           
3.2.4 Carbon Nano Tubes           
3.2.5 First Market Experiences for Cement and Concrete           
3.2.6 Near Future Expectations for Cement and Concrete           
3.3 Steel      
3.4 Insulation materials      
3.5 Coatings and paints      
3.5.1 Photo catalytic, anti‐bacterial or self‐cleaning wall paints          
3.5.2 Fire resistant coatings          
3.5.3 Nanocoatings for metals          
3.5.4 Nanocoatings for Wood Surfaces          
3.5.5 Nanocoatings for ceramic products          
3.5.6 Pigments and dyes          
3.5.7 Health and Safety          
3.6 Nanotechnology and glass     
3.7 Nanotechnology and Infrastructure     
3.7.1 Health and Safety          
3.7.2 Near Future Developments          
3.8 Nanotechnology and Other Construction Materials     

4. Health risks
4.1 Introduction      
4.2 Exposure routes      
4.2.1 Exposure through inhalation          
4.2.2 Exposure through the skin           
4.2.3 Exposure through ingestion          
4.3 Possible approaches for a safe use of nanoproducts     
4.3.1 Protective measures           
4.4 Risk communication from manufacturer to user     

5. Concluding Issues and Possibilities for Further Activities to Support a Safe Workplace

Annex 1 The 2009‐Survey

Annex 2 Nano‐products from the 2009‐Survey

Annex 3 Measurement techniques for research

Annex 4 Total overview of nano‐products

Annex 5 Nano‐materials in more detail

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